They become more difficult every year until you hit the academic ceiling. Yet it is not the end of it, quite on the contrary! There is a certain and rather solid possibility that your career path will be associated with research, not to mention that all those one page research proposals that often stand between you and various scholarships and grants.
The following example shows what NOT to do for a title page: More is not better. Minimal information providing simple identification is adequate. The MLA Handbook recommends that you type your last name just before the page number in case the pages get misplaced On page 4 of your essay, for example, your top right-hand corner should show: Jones 4 Page numbers must be written in Arabic numerals.
Do not add anything fancy to decorate a page number. Electronic submission of documents is becoming more common as e-mail is being used widely. This system will facilitate the citation of sources by identifying a specific paragraph for reference very quickly.
Spacing Between Words In general, leave one space between words and one space after every comma, semi-colon, or colon. Traditionally, General outline for a research paper spaces are required at the end of every sentence whether the sentence ends with a period, a question mark, or an exclamation mark.
Although it is not wrong to leave two spaces after a period, it is quite acceptable nowadays to leave only one space after each punctuation mark.
However, NO space should be left in front of a punctuation mark; for example, the following would be incorrect: Use the width of your thumb as a rough guide. Your instructor may give you a choice to indent or not to indent your paragraphs.
No matter whichever one you choose to use, you must be consistent throughout your essay. If you are NOT indenting, you will start each paragraph flush to the left margin.
It is essential that you double-space between lines and quadruple-space between paragraphs. When paragraphs are not indented, it is difficult for a reader to see where a new paragraph begins, hence quadruple-space is called for between paragraphs. Right Justify and Automatic Hyphens: Do not right justify your entire essay and do not automatically format hyphens if you are using a word processor to type your essay.
Left justify or justify your essay and type in the hyphens yourself where needed. Left justification is preferred as it will not leave big gaps between words. Titles of Books, Magazines, Newspapers, or Journals When used within the text of your paper, titles of all full-length works such as novels, plays, or books, should be underlined, e.
Put in quotation marks titles of shorter works, such as newspaper, journal, and magazine articles, chapters of books or essays, e. Western Helps Make a Difference in India. For complicated details on how to cite titles and quotations within titles, sacred texts, shortened titles, exceptions to the rule, etc.
Writing an Essay All in Capital Letters: Table of Contents A short essay or research paper requires no Table of Contents. If your written report or research paper is extremely long, it may be helpful to include a Table of Contents showing the page number where each section begins.
For those writing a lengthy document, i. A less involved Table of Contents may include simply the following sections: Introduction, Body use main section headingsConclusion or SummaryWorks Cited or Referencesalong with the corresponding page number where each section begins.Preparing an outline Map out your approach by composing a detailed sentence outline.
First, compose a thesis statement. This one sentence statement is the most important one of your entire research paper so be sure to phrase it carefully.
Writing assignment series The Five Paragraph Essay The five paragraph essay measures a student's basic writing skills, and is often a timed exercise. Summary: APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences.
This resource, revised according to the 6 th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page.
For more information, please consult the Publication . An outline might be formal or informal. An informal outline (working outline) is a tool helping an author put down and organize their ideas. It is subject to revision, addition and .
Fig. 1. The top of the first page of a research paper. A research paper does not normally need a title page, but if the paper is a group project, create a title page and list all the authors on it instead of in the header on page 1 of your essay.
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