Graduate programs[ edit ] Advanced degrees were not a criterion for professorships at most colleges.
New England[ edit ] The first American schools in the thirteen original colonies opened in the 17th century. Boston Latin School was founded in and is both the first public school and oldest existing school in the United States.
Literacy rates were much higher in New England because much of the population had been deeply involved in the Protestant Reformation and learned to read in order to read the Scriptures.
Literacy was much lower in the South, where the Anglican Church was the established church.
Single working-class people formed a large part of the population in the early years, arriving as indentured servants. The planter class did not support public education but arranged for private tutors for their children, and sent some to England at appropriate ages for further education.
By the midth century, the role of the schools in New England had expanded to such an extent that they took over many of the educational tasks traditionally handled by parents. In the Massachusetts Bay Colony made "proper" education compulsory; other New England colonies followed this example.
Similar statutes were adopted in other colonies in the s and s. The schools were all male and all white, with few facilities for girls. Although they were publicly supplied at the local town level, they were not free.
Students' families were charged tuition or "rate bills. Hopkins School in New Haven, Connecticutwas another. By the s, most had been replaced by private academies. By the early 19th century New England operated a network of private high schoolsnow called "prep schools," typified by Phillips Andover AcademyPhillips Exeter Academyand Deerfield Academy They became the major feeders for Ivy League colleges in the midth century.
In late 17th century Maryland, the Catholic Jesuits operated some schools for Catholic students. During the colonial years, some sent their sons to England or Scotland for schooling. In Virginia, rudimentary schooling for the poor and paupers was provided by the local parish.
In the colony of Georgia, at least ten grammar schools were in operation bymany taught by ministers.
The Bethesda Orphan House educated children. Dozens of private tutors and teachers advertised their service in newspapers.
A study of women's signatures indicates a high degree of literacy in areas with schools. Although it is difficult to know how many ads yielded successful schools, many of the ventures advertised repeatedly over years, suggesting continuity.
Wealthy families sent their sons North to college. In Georgia public county academies for white students became more common, and after South Carolina opened a few free "common schools" to teach reading, writing and arithmetic to whites.
Republican governments during the Reconstruction era established the first public school systems to be supported by general taxes.
Both whites and blacks would be admitted, but legislators agreed on racially segregated schools. The few integrated schools were located in New Orleans.African American parents and white teachers clash in the Ocean Hill-Brownsville area of New York City, over the issue of community control of the schools.
Teachers go on strike, and the community organizes freedom schools while the public schools are closed. The National Education Association was one of the creators and original sponsors of American Education Week.
Distressed that 25 percent of the country's World War I draftees were illiterate and 9 percent were physically unfit, representatives of the NEA and the American Legion met in to seek.
Q: Can you explain what is the NEA in History Of American Education? A: NEA stands for National Education Association. It was developed in to create a broad platform for teachers and educators in the nation. The association promoted teachers education and working conditions.
American Board, also known as the American Board for the Certification of Teacher Excellence, is a nonprofit organization that offers online teacher certification. The Underground History of American Education, Volume I: An Intimate Investigation Into the Prison of Modern Schooling May 22, by John Taylor Gatto and David Rodriguez.
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