Non-governmental organizations are a heterogeneous group. A long list of acronyms has developed around the term "NGO".
The diversity and reach of the more than 20, international NGOs operating today is difficult to overestimate. It encompasses the human rights activism of Amnesty International in countries, the development work of thestaff of BRAC touching the lives of million, and the participation of approximately one billion people in the member organizations of the International Co-operative Alliance.
The breadth of activities History of ngo from the settlement by the Court of Arbitration of the International Chamber of Commerce of more disputes than the International Court of Justice, to the alternative globalization envisaged by the World Social Forums and pan-Islamic activism of the Muslim Brotherhood.
Yet, international NGOs have far History of ngo roots than is commonly assumed. But even before the onset of the modern era, religious orders, missionary groups, merchant hanses and scientific societies engaged in activities crossing continents.
Many of these bodies — including Roman Catholic monastic orders and Sufi tariqahs — survive to the present day. It was in the context of the Enlightenment idealism, revolutionary upheavals and East-West contacts of the late 18th century, however, that the sphere of international NGOs was to be truly transformed.
Indeed, the wave of protests in — from the Arab uprisings, to Indian anti-corruption demonstrations and Occupy Wall Street — are evocative of the much earlier wave of revolutions in the Atlantic world, encompassing the American, French and Haitian revolutions. Activists such as Tom Paine, and international networks of masonic and secret societies, helped promote revolution from one country to another.
Since the 13th century at least, humanitarian associations were active along Chinese rivers.
Within two decades, the society had attracted an impressive array of patrons, including 14 European monarchs, the Ottoman Sultan, the Mughal of India, the Pacha of Baghdad, the American President and the Pope.
Amongst the most influential NGOs of the late 18th and early 19th centuries were the many anti-slavery groups established in the Atlantic world in the decades following the formation of the Pennsylvania Society for the Relief of Free Negroes Unlawfully Held in Bondage in These organizations influenced not only national legislation such as the British Slave Trade Act ofbut also international negotiations.
Abolitionist lobbying contributed, for instance, to the issuing of international declarations on the slave trade in the peace congresses following the Napoleonic wars.
Another group, the Quakers, had been critical to the development of the abolitionist movement, and were also central to the formation of some of the earliest peace societies that developed in Great Britain and the United States US from The peace movement has the distinctionof being responsible for the earliest recorded organization to actually describe itself as international.
Whereas most of the international associations of the s were to prove short-lived, the British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society established in has survived to the present day as the oldest international human rights organization, now Anti-Slavery International.
Its significance extends beyond this achievement. Few individuals were to play a more critical role in the development of international NGOs, however, than Swiss philanthropist Henri Dunant. More famously, after witnessing the carnage of the Battle of Solferino inDunant went on in to found the Red Cross movement for the provision of neutral assistance to the wounded in conflict.
In the period from the s to World War I, there was a massive expansion in the number and variety of international NGOs parallel to the second industrial revolution.
The achievements of international NGOs in the decades preceding the war included successful campaigns for new treaties, such as by the International Literary and Artistic Association in respect of international copyright, and by the International Abolitionist Federation in relation to sex trafficking.
New Zealand, for instance, was the first country to grant women the right to vote in History of NGO A non-governmental organization (NGO) is a legally constituted, non- governmental organization created by natural or legal persons with no participation or representation of any government.
Latest from DDE. Students can download application form, for Distance Education programmes() from the following link. Exam Online Application Dec NGO vs Non-Profit Organizations Many people do not understand the principles of, and the differences between, NGO and Non-profit organizations, even though they are well-known terms in the 21st century.
First of all, to clarify, NGO stands for a non-governmental organization, and a non-profit organization can also be.
nym ‘‘NGO’’ tends to be used in relation to interna-tional or ‘‘developing’’ country work, since its origin lies in the formation of the United Nations in , when the designation ‘‘non-governmental organization’’ was awarded to certain international non-state organizations that were given consultative status in UN activities.
Is an association of all kinds of conservation practitioners and all types of geoscientists, who are involved in geoconservation as planners, as geoheritage managers and interpreters, in geological surveys, as museum curators, researchers, educationalists and those concerned with tourism. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which was adopted by the UN General Assembly on 10 December , was the result of the experience of the Second World War.
With the end of that war, and.