Special thanks to Daryl Davis for providing this information on hate crimes. What is a Hate Crime?
Race, ethnicity and identity in America: A Pew Research Center survey found that an estimated 6. By far the largest multiracial group is comprised of mixed Native American-Caucasian ancestry. Beginning inthe U. The Census recorded some 9 million people of mixed-race status 2. The more recent Pew survey, then, suggests that the Census numbers may reflect an under-count.
Even among sub-groups, such as Cuban-Americansthere are long-running, intra-community debates over ethnicity and race. Below is a selection of research on race, ethnicity and identity in the United States.
Urban Education, March Child Development, JulyVol. In a learning preferences task, participants determined the function of a novel object after watching adults white, black and Asian demonstrate its uses. In the social preferences task, participants saw pairs of children white, black and Asian and chose with whom they most wanted to socially affiliate.
Biracial children showed flexibility in racial identification during learning and social tasks. However, minority-primed biracial children were not more likely than monoracial minorities to socially affiliate with primed racial in-group members, indicating their in-group preferences are contextually based.
American Journal of Human Genetics, Vol. We studied the genetic ancestry of 5, self-described African Americans, 8, Latinos, andEuropean Americans who are 23andMe customers and show that the legacy of these historical interactions is visible in the genetic ancestry of present-day Americans.
We document pervasive mixed ancestry and asymmetrical male and female ancestry contributions in all groups studied. We show that regional ancestry differences reflect historical events, such as early Spanish colonization, waves of immigration from many regions of Europe, and forced relocation of Native Americans within the U.
This study sheds light on the fine-scale differences in ancestry within and across the United States and informs our understanding of the relationship between racial and ethnic identities and genetic ancestry. Annual Review of Psychology, JulyVol.
Unfortunately, the historical time necessary for these changes to take place means that definitive research on the impact of globalization necessarily will be slow in forthcoming.
Adolescents from immigrant families, however, already experience the social and cultural shifts thought to typify globalization, and an analysis of their experiences could shed light on what to expect as existing national barriers become more permeable.
The value of flexibility in the face of great social and cultural change appears to be the dominant theme from research on immigrant youth, although that flexibility can be constrained by socioeconomic, ethnic, and racial stratification systems in host societies.
This review highlights the implications of these findings for what may lie ahead for teenagers as globalization continues to expand. Journal of Migration, October The Al Qaeda attacks clearly demarcate a period in which there was a structural increase in the intensity of U.
Example Domain. This domain is established to be used for illustrative examples in documents. You may use this domain in examples without prior coordination or asking for permission. ASA is the essential resource to cultivate leadership, advance knowledge, and strengthen the skills of those who work with, and on behalf of, older adults. The Disuniting of America: Reflections on a Multicultural Society (Revised and Enlarged Edition) [Arthur Meier Schlesinger] on metin2sell.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The New York Times bestseller that reminded us what it means to be an American is more timely than ever in .
This stigmatization created an exogenous reduction in the expected payoff to acculturation relative to non-acculturation. Comparing — to —, there is a statistically significant and substantively large decrease in the unconditional and conditional probabilities that Arab and Islamic Americans will self-identify as white.
Social Psychology Quarterly, January Findings support social identity theory in showing that African Americans strongly identify with their group and view it very positively. In addition, those who identify more with their group and evaluate it more positively have greater self-esteem, greater mastery, and fewer depressive symptoms.
However, findings also support the internalized racism perspective by showing that when group evaluation is relatively negative, racial identification is related to lower mastery and higher depressive symptoms. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, OctoberVol. Using regression analysis, concurrent associations were examined at age 18, and longitudinal associations were tested 18 months later.
We found that, among youth experiencing discrimination, high levels of achievement and low levels of affirmation predicted greater aggressive behavior and delinquency.
Low affirmation also predicted more criminal offending in the face of discrimination. The two dimensions operated similarly in the context of family stress, in which case high levels of affirmation and achievement predicted lower levels of antisocial behavior.
Caught between the fluid patterns of colour categories found in Brazilian society and the more rigid racial stratification that characterises the USA, Brazilian-Americans have followed a variety of strategies to adapt to this situation. By exploring the reactions of these young adults of different appearance along the colour continuum to the constraints of the dominant society, questions concerning the future dynamics of race relations in the USA are raised against a background of the continuing post-racialism debate.roundup of research on race and ethnicity in the United States, and how self-identification and identification by others can vary depending on personal and societal factors.
Nepal Table of Contents Ethnic Groups. Nepalese society was ethnically diverse and complex in the early s, ranging in phenotype (physical characteristics) and culture from the Indian to the Tibetan. Politics of Ethnicity in Nigeria: The Way Forward. by Collins G.
Adeyanju. Introduction. Tribalism or ethnicity, religion and corruption are popular clichés used to describe or analyze various forms of anomalies in Nigerian nation building. A well-described cultural effect of ethnicity of diet is the association between balti cooking, modest dress codes and vitamin D deficiency, particularly in the lower sunlight areas of the Northern hemisphere.
Anyway, armed with all this troubling research, in our business we started thinking about whether we were as afflicted by unconscious bias, when employing new staff, as everyone else seemed to be. CNN/ORC metin2sell.com , N=1, adults nationwide. Margin of error ± 3. "Now here are a few questions about recent events in Ferguson, Missouri, where a grand.