History[ edit ] While crosswords became popular in the early s, it was not until that The New York Times which initially regarded crosswords as frivolous, calling them "a primitive form of mental exercise" began running a crossword in its Sunday edition.
Posted by Chelsea Lee at 1: Other posts in the series will be linked at the bottom of this post as they are published. Although APA encourages authors to use one format for their name throughout their publishing career, inconsistencies do arise, and some authors choose to change their name for professional publication.
This post addresses how to cite works in each of these circumstances.
Inconsistent Presentation Sometimes names are presented inconsistently across publications. If the author has used different forms of the same name on different works, then your reference list entries should match the form of the name on the work being cited for reasons of retrievability.
For example, sometimes the author may use a middle initial and sometimes not e.
Baker sometimes publishes as Jacob Baker. Read more about the order of works in the reference list and see examples.
Name Changes Another case is when an author has changed names, such as a surname change after marriage or divorce or a name change for a transgender author. Do not change the name on a work if an author has published under different names; cite the work using the name shown on the publication you read.
In most cases, it is not necessary to note for the reader that two different names refer to the same person; just cite each work normally.
Example change of surname: McDonald now publishes as Morgan J. Williams, then cite the works in the text as McDonald and Williamsrespectively; in the reference list, the works should be alphabetized under M and W, respectively.
Example change to a hyphenated or two-part surname: Hartley now publishes as Taylor T. Hartley-Jones, then cite the works in the text as Hartley and Hartley-Jonesrespectively; in the reference list, all works by Hartley come before those published by Hartley-Jones because of the rules of alphabetizing the reference list.
The same principle applies if Taylor had decided to use no hyphen between the surnames, for example, Taylor T. See this blog post on two-part surnames for more. Example first name change for a transgender author different initials: Smith now publishes under the name Rebecca L.
Smith, and if you cite works published under both names in your paper, then cite the works in the text as J. Smith and R. Smithrespectively; in the reference list, take the initials into account and put works by Smith, J.Note: Citations are based on reference standards.
However, formatting rules can vary widely between applications and fields of interest or study.
The specific requirements or preferences of your reviewing publisher, classroom teacher, institution or organization should be applied. to trace or form (characters, letters, words, etc.) on the surface of some material, as with a pen, pencil, or other instrument or means; inscribe: Write your name on the board.
to express or communicate in writing ; give a written account of. a person engaged in writing books, articles, stories, etc., especially as an occupation or profession; an author or journalist.
a clerk, scribe, or the like. a person who commits his or her thoughts, ideas, etc., to writing: an expert letter writer. Horror Writing | Screenplay Writing | How To Write | Write Books | Read Write | Writing Tips | Writing Tools | Writing Community Writing Classes Places of Interest: Unique Wedding Invitations for wedding needs.
metin2sell.com is the online community for creative writing, fiction writing, story writing, poetry writing, writing contests, writing portfolios, writing help, and writing writers. Completely revised and expanded, The Dell Crossword Dictionary includes an extensive crossword definitions section, a thoroughly cross-referenced "Word-Finder" section, the most extensive "Name-Finder" in any dictionary, and every trivia fact a puzzle fan could ever want to metin2sell.coms: