View Full Essay Words: They had to break with the conventions of the traditional art in order to do that. The 9th Street Show from in New York, simply put New York on the map by gathering numerous names of the contemporary artists on both sides of the Atlantic, with a special accent on abstract expressionism.
Paul Jackson Pollock January 28, — August 11,known professionally as Jackson Pollock, was an American painter and a major figure in the abstract expressionist movement. He was well known for his unique style of drip painting.
During his lifetime, Pollock enjoyed considerable fame and notoriety; he was a major artist of his generation.
Regarded as reclusive, he had a volatile personality, and struggled with alcoholism for most of his life. Inhe married the artist Lee Krasner, who became an important influence on his career and on his legacy.
Pollock died at the age of 44 in an alcohol-related single-car accident when he was driving. A larger, more comprehensive exhibition of his work was held there in Early life — Jackson Pollock was born in Cody, Wyoming, inthe youngest of five sons.
His father had been born with the surname McCoy, but took the surname of his adoptive parents, neighbors who adopted him after his own parents had died within a year of each other. LeRoy Pollock was a farmer and later a land surveyor for the government, moving for different jobs.
Stella, proud of her family's heritage as weavers, made and sold dresses as a teenager. He subsequently grew up in Arizona and Chico, California. He had already been expelled in from another high school. During his early life, Pollock explored Native American culture while on surveying trips with his father.
Benton's rural American subject matter had little influence on Pollock's work, but his rhythmic use of paint and his fierce independence were more lasting. In the early s, Pollock spent a summer touring the Western United States together with Glen Rounds, a fellow art student, and Benton, their teacher.
He later used paint pouring as one of several techniques on canvases of the early s, such as Male and Female and Composition with Pouring I. After his move to Springs, he began painting with his canvases laid out on the studio floor, and he developed what was later called his "drip" technique. During this time Pollock was trying to deal with his established alcoholism, from through Pollock underwent Jungian psychotherapy with Dr.
Joseph Henderson and later with Dr. Violet Staub de Laszlo in — Henderson engaged him through his art, encouraging Pollock to make drawings.
Jungian concepts and archetypes were expressed in his paintings. Some historians have hypothesized that Pollock might have had bipolar disorder. Pollock signed a gallery contract with Peggy Guggenheim in July He received the commission to create Muralwhich measures roughly 8 feet tall by 20 feet long, for the entry to her new townhouse.
At the suggestion of her friend and advisor Marcel Duchamp, Pollock painted the work on canvas, rather than the wall, so that it would be portable. After seeing the big mural, the art critic Clement Greenberg wrote: It spills out of itself in a mineral prodigality, not yet crystallized.
He rocketed to fame following an August 8, four-page spread in Life magazine that asked, "Is he the greatest living painter in the United States? Pollock's work after was darker in color, including a collection painted in black on unprimed canvases.
These paintings have been referred to as his 'Black pourings' and when he exhibited them at the Betty Parsons Gallery in New York, none of them sold.
Parsons later sold one to a friend at half the price. The departure from his earlier style wasn't what his collectors wanted.
These works show Pollock attempting to find a balance between abstraction and depictions of the figure. He later returned to using color and continued with figurative elements. During this period, Pollock had moved to the Sidney Janis Gallery a more commercial gallery; the demand for his work from collectors was great.
In response to this pressure, along with personal frustration, his alcoholism deepened. Krasner was unfamiliar but yet intrigued with Pollock's work and went to his apartment, unannounced, to meet him following the gallery.
In OctoberPollock and Lee Krasner were married in a church with two witnesses present for the event. With the help of a down-payment loan from Peggy Guggenheim, they bought a wood-frame house and barn at Springs Fireplace Road.
Pollock converted the barn into a studio. In that space, he perfected his big "drip" technique of working with paint, with which he would become permanently identified.Kaprow's influence is particularly visible in Henri's sole reference to Jackson Pollock, whom he characterizes as "an actor." "Indeed," Henri continues, "part of one's response to his pictures is a physical, kinetic 'following' of the artist's movements in painting it: hence the need to .
Think of a s Modern American Artist, and Jackson Pollock, , will be high on the list because of his revolutionary art style and, to a degree, his short and troubled life, from childhood he had a history of alcoholism and later spent periods of psychiatric treatment.
Jackson Pollock by Miltos Manetas, , original flash animation by Michal Migurski.
Discuss a minimum of two reasons why Jackson Pollocks Discuss a minimum of two reasons why Jackson Pollock's style of painting, as exemplified by Convergence, is considered an important, innovative development in the history of painting.