Unlike the Paleolithic and Mesolithic periods of prehistory, the Neolithic period was characterized by climatic conditions, very similar to those of the present, that directed human activity chiefly to the soil and its fruits. Attention that previously had been focused on stone now shifted to earth, which became not only the basic raw material but a multivalent symbol. These preoccupations gave rise to a specific ideology, to sedentary ways of life and the construction of permanent settlements, to the domestication of plants and animals, and to important technological inventions such as pottery making—developments identified as the basic achievements of the "Neolithic Revolution.
In other parts of Europe, the Mesolithic begins by 11, years ago the beginning Holoceneand it ends with the introduction of farming, depending on the region between ca. Regions that experienced greater environmental effects as the last glacial period ended have a much more apparent Mesolithic era, lasting millennia.
Such conditions produced Mesolithic religions human behaviors that are preserved in the material record, such as the Maglemosian and Azilian cultures. Such conditions also delayed the coming of the Neolithic until some 5, BP in northern Europe.
Animated image showing the sequence of engravings on a pendant excavated from the Mesolithic archaeological site of Starr Carr in  The type of stone toolkit remains one of the most diagnostic features: In some Mesolithic religions, however, such as Ireland, parts of Portugal, the Isle of Man and the Tyrrhenian Islands, a macrolithic technology was used in the Mesolithic.
There is some evidence for the beginning of construction at sites with a ritual or astronomical significance, including Stonehengewith a short row of large post holes aligned east-west, and a possible "lunar calendar" at Warren Field in Scotland, with pits of post holes of varying sizes, thought to reflect the lunar phases.
Both are dated to before c. Mesolithic adaptations such as sedentism, population size and use of plant foods are cited as evidence of the transition to agriculture.
In north-Eastern Europe, the hunting and fishing lifestyle continued into the Medieval period in regions less suited to agriculture, and in Scandinavia no Mesolithic period may be accepted, with the locally preferred "Older Stone Age" moving into the "Younger Stone Age".
The Rock art of the Iberian Mediterranean Basinwhich probably spreads across from the Upper Paleolithic, is a widespread phenomenon, much less well known than the cave-paintings of the Upper Paleolithic, with which it makes an interesting contrast.
The sites are now mostly cliff faces in the open air, and the subjects are now mostly human rather than animal, with large groups of small figures; there are 45 figures at Roca dels Moros.
Clothing is shown, and scenes of dancing, fighting, hunting and food-gathering. The figures are much smaller than the animals of Paleolithic art, and depicted much more schematically, though often in energetic poses.
The rock art in the Urals appears to show similar changes after the Paleolithic, and the wooden Shigir Idol is a rare survival of what may well have been a very common material for sculpture. It is a plank of larch carved with geometric motifs, but topped with a human head.
Now in fragments, it would apparently have been over 5 metres tall when made. Russian archaeologists prefer to describe such pottery-making cultures as Neolithic, even though farming is absent. This pottery-making Mesolithic culture can be found peripheral to the sedentary Neolithic cultures.
It created a distinctive type of pottery, with point or knob base and flared rims, manufactured by methods not used by the Neolithic farmers. Though each area of Mesolithic ceramic developed an individual style, common features suggest a single point of origin.
It appears in the Elshan or Yelshanka or Samara culture on the Volga in Russia 9 ka,   and from there spread via the Dnieper-Donets culture to the Narva culture of the Eastern Baltic.Ancient Origins articles related to mesolithic in the sections of history, archaeology, human origins, unexplained, artifacts, ancient places and myths and legends.
Mark Evans Dr. Todd Buck Philosophy 13 July 1 Mesolithic Religion Prior to this time in human existence people did not practice an organized form of religion. Religion in the Neolithic Age. Chapter 13 / Lesson 6. Lesson; Quiz & Worksheet - Religion in the Neolithic Period Quiz; Course; Start Your Free Trial Today.
Mesolithic Religions Harvard Case Study Solution and Analysis of READING THE HARVARD CASE STUDY: To have a complete understanding of the case, one should focus on case reading. It is said that hbr case study should be read two times. Initially, fast reading without taking notes and underlines should be done.
Initial reading is to get a rough idea of what information is provided for the analyses. Mesolithic Religion Using only what you learned in the lecture and module resource documents for Module Three (not including the textbook), explain how the Stone Temple erected at Urfa signals the arrival of a new way of life in the Mesolithic and a new set of religious behaviors.
Mesolithic religions brought about a new way of life for the people of that time.
They built a stone temple at Urfa to use for their religious practicing. I think that the erection of this stone temple meant bringing together the people.