Stages in psychological development, steps in installing software or carrying out a marketing plan, or processes in science or historical change, for example, could all be described in a process paper. How-to's and explanations There are two kinds of process papers.
Overview[ edit ] The writing process is complicated, and often seems loosely defined. On the one hand, writing is an art--we don't say Shakespeare's language is "correct" but rather that it is beautiful.
On the other hand, writing is a science--we want the instructions that came with our Blu-Ray player to be accurate, precise, and easy to understand. Then there is the matter of what makes writing "good writing. A play written in the clear, unambiguous language of an instruction manual would not be a hit on Broadway.
In other words, writing must be judged according to its context--what is its purpose and audience? Finally, even readers with a great deal in common may not agree about the quality of any particular text, just as people's opinions differ about which bands are really great.
We really don't know why people have such preferences and can't make accurate predictions about what they will like or dislike. Simply put, writing isn't simple. If writing is so complicated and mysterious, can it be taught?
Since Aristotle, great teachers have taught complex processes to their students by breaking them into smaller, more understandable processes. Aristotle thought that effective communication skills, like good math skills, can be learned and taught. Math teachers don't teach trigonometry to their elementary students; instead, they begin with addition and subtraction.
Everything else builds on those simple processes. No one is born a mathematician.
Similarly, while luck certainly plays a role in any successful writer's career, successful writers or speakers are not just born into the role--and everyone else is not just fated to flunk English. You can learn to write with substance and style.
It takes work, but it is within your power. You have already taken the first step. Most of what we know about writing is also true of speaking. Aristotle wrote a famous treatise on the subject of effective communication called "The Rhetoric.
Your first-year composition course may even have the word "rhetoric" or "rhetorical" as part of its title. Aristotle taught us that rhetoric isn't just about winning arguments. Instead, rhetoric is the ability to determine all the available means of persuasion at our disposal.
Ultimately, it's up to you to guess the best course of action, but rhetoric helps you make this a more educated guess.
Compared to speaking, writing is a much more recent phenomenon, and for many centuries it was assumed that the best way to learn to write well was either to pray, entreat the muses, or carefully imitate writings that were already considered great.
Eventually, as more people wanted to write, teachers created rules to help them write "correctly. Simply knowing how to write grammatically correct prose is important, but it is not enough, by itself, to make writing effective or persuasive.
Indeed, too much attention to correctness can result in unintentionally rigid or even comical writing. Legend has it that Winston Churchill grew so irritated at pedants telling him not to end his sentences with prepositions that he said to one of them, "Madame, that is a rule up with which I shall not put.
At first in the '70s, these steps were taught as a somewhat rigid sequence. Now, however, writing teachers emphasize "recursivity"--moving forward through some steps and then circling back to redo previous steps--as the more natural way that many successful writers work.
In other words, while we still think of writing as a process taking place in a series of steps, we now understand that good writers tend to switch frequently among the different steps as they work.The Purdue University Online Writing Lab serves writers from around the world and the Purdue University Writing Lab helps writers on Purdue's campus.
We are pleased to announce winners of the third Bad Writing Contest, sponsored by the scholarly journal Philosophy and Literature and its internet discussion group, PHIL-LIT..
The Bad Writing Contest attempts to locate the ugliest, most stylistically awful passage found in a scholarly book or article published in the last few years.
Writing Spaces is an open textbook project for college-level writing studies courses. Each volume in the Writing Spaces: Readings on Writing series contains peer-reviewed collections of essays about writing—all composed by teachers for students—with each book available for download for free under a Creative Commons license.
The writing process is the series of actions required to produce a coherent written text. It is a key term in the teaching of writing. The 5-Step Writing Process: From Brainstorming to Publishing.
Every writer follows his or her own writing process. Often the process is a routine that comes naturally and is not a step-by-step guide to which writers refer. Best write my essay service that guarantees timely delivery. Order online academic paper help for students.
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